Category Archives: Infringement

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Federal Circuit Finds "Consisting Of" Requires Reversing Infringement Of Shire Lialda Patent

The Federal Circuit focused on the “consisting of” language in the claims at issue when it reversed the district court’s finding that Watson’s ANDA product would infringe the only Orange Book-listed Shire Lialda patent. In so doing, the court emphasized the narrow scope of the Norian exception to the “closed” nature of “consisting of” language that … Continue reading this entry

Federal Circuit Finds Infringement Under Akamai Of Two-Step Method Of Treatment

In Eli Lilly & Co. v. Teva Parenteral Medicines, Inc., the Federal Circuit affirmed the district court decision finding infringement under Akamai of a two-step method of treatment when the prescribing information for the prescription drug component required coadministration of the other active agent. The appeal arose from ANDA litigation surrounding Eli Lilly’s ALIMTA® product, … Continue reading this entry

CAFC Says Functional Claim Language Does Not Create Divided Infringement

In LifeNet Health v. LifeCell Corporation, one of the many issues the Federal Circuit decided was that functional claim language did not create a divided infringement situation, even though an independent actor could impact whether the functional limitation was met. Under the court’s decision, since the limitation was a negative one, an independent actor could negate infringement, but his … Continue reading this entry

CAFC Affirms Finacea Gel Infringement Under Doctrine Of Equivalents

In Intendis GmbH v. Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Inc., USA, the Federal Circuit affirmed the district court decision that found infringement under the doctrine of equivalents. This case shows that the doctrine of equivalents still lives, that not every claim amendment will give rise to prosecution history estoppel, and that formulation patents can provide valuable protection for … Continue reading this entry

Federal Circuit Interprets Two Important Infringement Provisions

In a single decision issued for companion cases Momenta Pharmaceuticals, Inc. v. Teva Pharmaceuticals USA Inc. and Momenta Pharmaceuticals, Inc. v Amphastar Pharmaceuticals, Inc., the Federal Circuit interpreted two important sections of the infringement statute, 35 USC § 271. In one portion of its decision, the court adopted a literal interpretation of § 271(g), holding that the statute only … Continue reading this entry

Beware Reexamination Amendments

In R+L Carriers, Inc. v. Qualcomm, Inc., the Federal Circuit affirmed the district court’s dismissal of R+L’s infringement claims against Qualcomm, finding that the claims issued after reexamination were not “substantially identical” to the original claims. Considering the claim language at issue and the court’s comments, this decision suggests that almost any reexamination amendments could … Continue reading this entry

Divided Infringement Between Doctor And Patient

Recent jurisprudence on the issue of divided infringement has arisen in the context of computer-related technologies, where a user or customer performs one or more steps of a patented method. Now the issue has arisen in the pharmaceutical context, where a patient self-administers a drug. In Eli Lilly and Company v. Teva Parenteral Medicines, Inc., … Continue reading this entry

U.S. Government Patent Infringement Precludes Induced Infringement

In Astornet Technologies, Inc. v. BAE Systems, Inc., the Federal Circuit affirmed the district court’s dismissed of actions for induced infringement where the alleged direct infringer was the U.S. government. In particular, the court agreed that under 28 USC § 1498, the patentee’s “exclusive remedy for the alleged infringement was a suit against the United … Continue reading this entry

En Banc Federal Circuit Preserves The Patent Laches Defense Over Dissent

In a divided en banc decision in SCA Hygiene Products v. First Quality Baby Products, the Federal Circuit preserved the defense of laches for patent cases even though the Supreme Court eliminated that defense in copyright cases. This means that an accused infringer may be able to raise a patent laches defense in a suit … Continue reading this entry

Federal Circuit Expands Direct Divided Infringement

In an en banc, per curiam decision in Akamai Technologies, Inc. v. Limelight Networks, Inc., on remand from the Supreme Court, the Federal Circuit broadened the circumstances under which a party can be liable for direct infringement under 35 USC § 271(a) even if it does not perform all steps of a method claim. While the decision was rendered … Continue reading this entry

Patent Safe Harbor Applies To Supplemental New Drug Applications

On May 13, 2015, the Federal Circuit confirmed in Classen Immunotherapies, Inc. v. Elan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. that the safe harbor provisions of 35 U.S.C. § 271(e)(1) can shield post-FDA approval activities from liability for patent infringement when the activities generated information that was submitted to the FDA to support a supplemental New Drug Application and … Continue reading this entry

Federal Circuit Finds No Direct Infringement Of Akamai Patents

The Federal Circuit issued its remand decision in Akamai Technologies, Inc. v. Limelight Networks, Inc., this time affirming the district court decision that Limelight was not liable for infringing Akamai’s patents because Limelight had not performed each step of the method claims and was not responsible for the actions of its customers. In reaching its … Continue reading this entry

Federal Circuit Finds Apotex ANDAs Do Not Infringe Lysteda Patents

In two decisions issued under the same name (Ferring B.V. v. Watson Laboratories, Inc.), the Federal Circuit upheld the validity of the Orange Book-listed patents for Lysteda®, but found that they were not infringed by either Apotex’s or Watson’s Abbreviated New Drug Applications (ANDAs). In this article, I focus on the decision relating to the Apotex ANDAs, and … Continue reading this entry

Supreme Court Reverses Federal Circuit On Induced Infringement In Limelight Networks, Inc. v. Akamai

On June 2, 2014, the Supreme Court issued a unanimous decision in Limelight Networks, Inc. v. Akamai Technologies, Inc., reversing the en banc Federal Circuit decision and holding that there can be no liability for induced infringement under 35 USC § 271(b) when there has been no direct infringement under 35 USC § 271(a). The Court did not dig … Continue reading this entry

Federal Circuit Vacates Infringement Of Braintree SUPREP Patent

In a divided opinion issued in Braintree Labs., Inc. v. Novel Labs., Inc., the Federal Circuit reversed the district court on one of two challenged claim construction issues and vacated the district court’s finding of infringement to remand for further factual findings. When no judge agrees with the basis of the decision and neither party is satisfied … Continue reading this entry

Supreme Court Lays Burden Of Proof On Patentee, Even In Declaratory Judgment Action

In Medtronic, Inc. v. Mirowski Family Ventures, LLC, a unanimous Supreme Court held that the patent holder bears the burden of proving infringement, even in a declaratory judgment action brought by a licensee. In reaching its decision, the Court dismissed concerns that it would skew the balance of power between patent holder and licensee, noting … Continue reading this entry

Objectively Reasonable Defense Precludes Enhanced Patent Damages

In the non-precedential opinion in Lee v. Mike’s Novelties, Inc., the Federal Circuit affirmed the district court’s judgment of infringement and no invalidity, but reversed the finding of willful infringement. In so doing, the court provides a summary of the black letter law on enhanced patent damages. … Continue reading this entry

Federal Circuit Finds Distribution of Glucose Meters Exhausts Method Patent Claims

In LifeScan Scotland, Ltd. V. Shasta Technologies, LLC, the Federal Circuit found that LifeScan’s distribution of its One-Touch Ultra glucose meters exhausted its patent rights such that it could not prevent Shasta from selling disposable test strips for use in the meters. In so doing, the court reversed the district court’s grant of a preliminary … Continue reading this entry

Federal Circuit Finds Patent Exhaustion From Sale Of Keurig Coffee Machines

In Keurig, Inc. v. Sturm Foods, Inc., the Federal Circuit upheld the district court’s decision that Keurig’s patent rights were exhausted by the sale of its machines, and so not infringed by the defendant’s sale of replacement coffee cartridges. Foley &Lardner LLP represented the appellee in this appeal, but this summary is based only on … Continue reading this entry

Federal Circuit Finds LUNESTA Patent Infringement Based On ANDA Product Description Not Avoided By Other Certifications

In Sunovion Pharmaceuticals, Inc. v. Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc., the Federal Circuit reversed the district’s holding of no Lunesta® patent infringement that was based on a certification submitted to the court, and found infringement based on the product described in the Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA). In reaching its decision, the court upheld the district … Continue reading this entry

Supreme Court Finds For Monsanto In Seed Harvesting Case

In Bowman v. Monsanto Co., the Supreme Court held that the doctrine of patent exhaustion does not give a farmer who has bought patented seeds the right to “reproduce” them through planting and harvesting without the patent holder’s permission. This decision presents a straight-forward application of the patent exhaustion doctrine, and is refreshing in its recognition … Continue reading this entry

Federal Circuit Finds Patent Marking Is Circumstantial Evidence Of Infringement

In Frolow v. Wilson Sporting Goods Co., the Federal Circuit refused to adopt the doctrine of marking estoppel, but held that evidence that Wilson had marked some accused tennis racket models constituted evidence of infringement sufficient to raise a genuine issue of material fact and prevent summary judgment of non-infringement.… Continue reading this entry

En Banc Federal Circuit Eases Requirements For Induced Infringement Of Method Claims

On August 31, 2012, the Federal Circuit issued an en banc, per curiam opinion deciding both Akamai Technologies, Inc. v. Limelight Networks, Inc. and McKesson Technologies, Inc. v. Epic Systems Corp., which each relate to the requirements for establishing infringement when all of the steps of a method claim are not performed by a single … Continue reading this entry

Federal Circuit Draws Two Lines In Crestor ANDA Litigation

In AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP v. Apotex Corp., the Federal Circuit held that the district court had jurisdiction over AstraZeneca’s ANDA complaint, but also held that the complaint should be dismissed for failing to state a viable claim for relief because the ANDAs included Section viii statements that carved out the methods claimed in the patents … Continue reading this entry